Royal albatrossesDiomedea epomophora & D. sanfordi
The royal albatross complex consists of the southern (Diomedea epomophora) and northern (D. sanfordi) royal albatrosses. Both species are endemic to New Zealand. The southern royal albatross mainly breeds on Campbell Island, but less than 100 pairs also breed on Auckland Islands. The northern royal albatross predominantly breeds on Chatham Islands, and approximately 30 pairs also breed on the mainland at Taiaroa Head near Dunedin. The two species were merged together and grouped with the wandering albatross complex on the first bird count form, used until 2007. The two species are difficult to tell apart and the distribution shown here is for both.